Meningitis is a global disease, but the likelihood of contracting meningococcal disease varies from country to country.1 People who travel to countries with high disease occurrence or to places that have been affected by a recent outbreak are at increased risk, and mass gatherings, such as pilgrimages, are also a risk factor.1
Worldwide, the highest rates of disease occur in the ‘meningitis belt’ of sub-Saharan Africa.1 There have also been outbreaks of meningococcal disease associated with Hajj and Umrah pilgrimage.1 Vaccination is recommended for people travelling to countries where they are at greater risk.2,3
Most cases of meningococcal meningitis are caused by one of six types: A, B, C, W, X and Y.5,6 Different strains are more prevalent in different regions.
There are licensed vaccines which can help protect against five of the six meningococcal bacteria types that cause most meningococcal meningitis - A, C, W, Y and B.6
No single vaccine protects against all types of meningitis.6 Speak to your pharmacist, doctor or nurse about which vaccines you need
Even when meningococcal meningitis is diagnosed early and adequate treatment is started promptly, the consequences can be severe. Meningococcal meningitis can cause death in as little as 24 hours from the first symptoms.5